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The long history of civil war in Sudan was a major catalyst for the eventual independence of South Sudan on 9 July 2011. Almost two years since the official separation, armed conflicts continue to plague these two neighbors. In South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, hundreds of people have been killed and many more displaced as a result of military aggression by the Sudanese army against rebels who sided with South Sudan during the time of civil wars.
On 12 March 2013, Sudan and South Sudan signed an agreement to demilitarize border areas as a condition for resumption of oil production in South Sudan, the main revenue generator for both countries. The two countries still need to agree on security arrangements, citizenship status and border demarcation.
The agreement is only a small step in the peace process. Many issues remain unresolved, including the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. As people of faith, we must continue to advocate for peace in Sudan and South Sudan.